Track your baby’s milestones — Physical changes

From a helpless newborn to an inquisitive mini-dynamo, find out how your baby will blossom with our nifty guide!

Your mummy pals are right — your little one is growing really quickly. His physical growth is especially rapid during the first two years ― your newborn’s birthweight should double by six months and triples by his first birthday, even as he grows between 25 and 30cm in length (or height). Indeed, in a mere 12 months, he’ll complete the transition from sleeping angel to bright-eyed toddler with an insatiable curiosity. So, remember to celebrate these precious milestones!

0 to 6 months:

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* Your cherub should be able to open and shut her hands, although the movements of her arms will be less steady. At first, her movements are reflexive ― she’ll turn her head to the side when you stroke her cheek, while her motor skills are still developing.

* By 4 months, she should be able to lift her head and support herself on her forearms. Give her plenty of tummy time ― placing a baby on her stomach while awake and supervised — to help her develop strong head, neck and shoulder muscles and promote certain motor skills, like crawling.

* She’ll try to take swipes at different dangling objects, although she’ll likely miss. Give her a hand and pass her the items she’s reaching for.

* Your sweetie will likely be able to sit up with some help from you. By 6 months, she’ll also have greater control over her head movements.

6 to 12 months:

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* Your baby is fast becoming an inquisitive mini-explorer. By 7 months, he’ll start showing to crawl — he’ll drag himself forward by the arms or the leg while resting on his tummy.

* Play favourite games like peek-a-boo with him and you’ll be rewarded with bouts of giggling.

* He’ll start imitating the things you do — like picking up his toy phone when yours rings ― early signs of pretend play.

* Help him hone his pincer grip by giving him simple round objects — preferably with a hole in the centre — he can easily grasp with his index finger and thumb.

More milestones to observe by baby’s first year… click through!

12 to 18 months:

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* Baby will need you to help him take his first steps. Getting him a ride-on toy can help him improve his leg control.

* By 15 months, your peewee will be able to get into a sitting position, and from a seated to a standing position without help. He can also crawl or shuffle about on his bum easily and start to cruise (walk holding on to furniture).

* Dressing and undressing himself is still a little challenging especially when dealing with smaller buttons. Help him and also show him how it’s done. Remember to shower him with praises when he does it on his own!

* By 18 months, he’ll be able to walk without your assistance, and horrors, may even start running. He can also pick up small objects with ease.

18+ months:

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*He’ll be climbing up — or worse, jumping on — surfaces, so keep low items of furniture like stools and coffee tables out of his reach.

*Your mini-explorer is getting more inquisitive and physically agile at the same time. He can throw and kick a ball, scribble with pencils or crayons, even build small towers with his blocks.

* Now that he’s adept at turning knobs and pushing buttons, all that childproofing will pay off, since there’s nothing those pesky little paws won’t get into!

* While most toddlers will be able to walk down the steps, he’ll be jerking both feet on to the same step before taking the next. So, keep an eye out for the stairs when you’re out with him as he may lose his balance and risk sustaining an injury.

Photos: iStock

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