The Culprit Oil-based paints and paint thinners are made from ingredients that contain endocrine disruptors – chemicals that interfere with your hormone system. “These toxic chemicals may cause miscarriage, premature birth, physical birth defects and behavioural problems in the baby,” says Dr Chew.
The Solution Try minimising your exposure to these products as much as possible. If your home is due for a repaint or renovation, avoid coming into contact with the area until the work has been completed. Better yet, go on a baby-making staycation while the painting works are being done.
The Solution Processed canned foods all tend to contain high amounts of salt, preservatives and oil, ingredients that aren’t just bad for your fertility, but also your overall health. Instead, include more fresh fruits and vegetables for a fertility boost.
The Culprit While traditional hair dyes are generally regarded to be safe, women who are trying to conceive should still avoid colouring their hair if they have open wounds or cuts on their scalp. Why? Because the substances in the dye will enter into their bloodstream and affect their overall wellbeing, explains Dr Chong.
The Solution Choose vegetable-based dyes instead, suggests Dr Chew. Or if you want to be extra cautious, Dr Chong says to avoid dying your hair for the time being, and that includes touch ups.
The Culprit Synthetic fragrances may contain phthalates and synthetic musk. These ingredients can disrupt your hormone levels and negatively impact your fertility.
The Solution Since it can be difficult to assess the ingredients that go into your fragrances, cut down on your usage or go without it if possible.
The Culprit Anti-aging creams contain retinoids – great for boosting collagen and reducing fine lines. However, the same ingredient also contains teratogens which can disturb the growth of an embryo or foetus. Dr Chong shares that it can also lead to cranio-facial defects, plus cardiac and nerve damage as well. “Some believe that it may increase baby’s risk of cancer in the future,” he adds.
The Solution Best to avoid the use of these products.
Nail polish remover
The Culprit Nail polish removers contain harmful chemicals such as glycol, biocides, lead and mercury, which can lead to an increased risk of miscarriages, premature labour and organ damage in your little one. The effects can also be long term, as babies can have mental and behavioural problems after birth as well.
The Solution Short-term exposure doesn’t trigger any serious effects, but it’s best to avoid using these removers on a regular basis.
The Culprit You favourite body soap contains chemicals like parabens that prevent the growth of bacteria. However, it can also affect ovulation and egg quality in women by overloading your body with oestrogen. Increased oestrogen in your man’s body can also affect the health and quality of his sperm over time.
The Solution Use paraben-free body soaps.
Pesticides in fresh produce
The Culprit According to some studies, chemicals such as dibromochloropropane and ethylene dibromide are found in pesticides and can negatively affect male fertility. Several other studies in the US have also shown a decline in semen quality and an increased risk of male subfertility following their exposure to fruits and veggies that have been grown with pesticides.
The Solution Ensure that you wash your produce thoroughly before cooking or consuming them. Otherwise, you may want to switch to organic foods, since they have zero exposure to synthetic pesticides.
The Culprit Some chemicals found in petroleum-based detergents – such as parabens, phthalates and formaldehyde – can disrupt a woman’s menstrual cycle and cause miscarriages. Men aren’t spared either as these chemicals can also negatively affect semen quality.
The Solution Switch to fragrance-free detergents that contain fewer chemicals or those that are plant based.
Non-stick Pots and Pans
The Culprit The non-stick coating contains perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), which is linked to reproductive problems. Women with high levels of PFOA in their blood experience a harder time getting pregnant. Even when they do conceive, their babies will have challenges meeting their developmental milestones.
The Solution Stop cooking with Teflon pans at home and avoid other products that contain PFOA, such as microwavable containers and bags.